“Survivor guilt: Theoretical, empirical, and clinical features” di Ramona Fimiani et al.

The concept of survivor guilt was first used to describe the feelings of guilt that people may experience when they survive loved ones, having escaped disasters or other traumatic events in which these people lost their lives (e.g., Hendin & Haas, 1991;
Niederland, 1981; Wang, Wu, & Tian, 2018). More recently, clinical observations (Bush, 2005; Gazzillo, 2021; Modell, 1965, 1971; Weiss, 1986, 1993) and empirical findings from different fields (Exline & Lobel, 1999; Zell & Exline, 2014) have increased the explanatory scope of this construct to include not only the guilt about being spared from harm that others incurred, but also the feeling of guilt that people may experience when they believe themselves to have had any kind of advantage compared with others, such as having more success, greater abilities, better health, greater wealth, a better job, or more satisfying relationships.

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